Author: Dostoyevsky 陀思妥耶夫斯基

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoyevsky (11 November 1821 – 9 February 1881), sometimes transliterated Dostoevsky, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmosphere of 19th-century Russia. Many of his works are marked by a preoccupation with Christianity, explored through the prism of the individual confronted with life's hardships and beauty. He began writing in his 20s, and his first novel, Poor Folk, was published in 1846 when he was 25. His major works include Crime and Punishment (1866), The Idiot (1869), Demons (1872) and The Brothers Karamazov (1880). His output consists of 11 novels, three novellas, 17 short novels and numerous other works. Many literary critics rate him as one of the greatest psychologists in world literature.

费奥多尔·米哈伊洛维奇·陀思妥耶夫斯基(1821年11月11日-1881年2月9日),俄国作家,陀思妥耶夫斯基在20岁左右开始写作,第一本长篇小说《穷人》在1846年出版,当时25岁。陀思妥耶夫斯基的重要作品有《罪与罚》(1866年)、《白痴》(1869年)以及《卡拉马佐夫兄弟》(1880年)。陀思妥耶夫斯基共写了11本长篇小说、3篇中篇小说及17篇短篇小说,其文学风格对20世纪的世界文坛产生了深远的影响。陀思妥耶夫斯基常常描绘那些生活在社会底层却都有着不同常人想法的角色,这使得他得以19世纪暗潮汹涌的俄国社会中小人物的心理。部分学者认为他是存在主义的奠基人,如美国哲学家瓦尔特·阿诺德·考夫曼就曾认为“陀思妥耶夫斯基的《地下室手记》是存在主义的完美序曲”。

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